South Korea, officially known as the Republic of Korea, is a country located in East Asia, sharing a land border with North Korea to the north, and surrounded by the Yellow Sea, the Korea Strait, and the Sea of Japan (East Sea). It has a population of approximately 51 million people and its capital and largest city is Seoul.

South Korea is known for its rapid economic growth, modern infrastructure, and technological advancements. It is the world’s 12th largest economy and a leading producer of electronics, automobiles, and steel. The country has also made significant contributions to popular culture, including music, television dramas, and movies, which have gained popularity throughout Asia and around the world.

South Korea has a rich cultural heritage, with a history that dates back over 5,000 years. It has a diverse landscape, ranging from mountainous regions to coastal plains, and is home to several UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the ancient city of Gyeongju and the Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes.